Rigorous scientific studies have shown the safety and efficacy of Bt crops. We provide a few selected articles in the areas of Bt eggplant, environmental effects, and socio-economic impact of Bt crops.

Featured Publication

Case Studies of the Use of Agricultural Biotechnologies to Meet the Needs of Smallholders in Developing Countries

In this book from The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bt eggplant is featured as one of 15 case studies across a range of species, regions and production systems where agricultural biotechnologies were used to serve the needs of smallholders in developing countries.

Journal Articles

Impact of Bt Brinjal Cultivation in the Market Value Chain in Five Districts of Bangladesh
Journal: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Author: Anthony M. Shelton, Sayed H. Sarwer, Md. J. Hossain and Vijay Paranjape

Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh: The First Genetically Engineered Food Crop in a Developing Country
Journal: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Author: Anthony M. Shelton, Md. J. Hossain, Vijay Paranjape, Md. Z.H. Prodhan, Abul K. Azad, Rituparna Majumder, Sayed H. Sarwer and Md. A. Hossain

Quantification of Cry1Ac Protein in Bt Eggplant Fruits
Journal: International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
Author: M.M. Khatun, M.K. Hasan, M.K. Jamil and D. Khanam

Bt Eggplant Project in Bangladesh: History, Present Status, and Future Direction
Journal: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Author: A. M. Shelton, M. J. Hossain, V. Paranjape, A. K. Azad, M. L. Rahman, A. S. M. M. R. Khan, M. Z. H. Prodhan, M. A. Rashid , R. Majumder, M. A. Hossain, S. S. Hussain, J. E. Huesing and L. McCandless

Baseline Susceptibility of Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée in the Philippines to a Bacillus thuringiensis CRY1Ac Insecticidal Protein
Journal: The Philippines Entomologist
Author: Lourdes D.taylo, Joseph C. Banasihan, Desiree Hautea, Srinivas Parimi

Biology and Management of Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
Journal: International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology
Author: Ram Prasad Mainali

Socioeconomic Impacts of Bt Eggplant
Journal: Socioeconomic Impacts of Bt Eggplant: Ex-ante Case Studies in the Philippines
Author: SR Francisco

Costs and benefits of UPLB Bt Eggplant with Resistance to Fruit and Shoot Borer in the Philippines
Journal: Projected Impacts of Agricultural Biotechnologies for Fruits and Vegetables in the Philippines and Indonesia
Author: SR Francisco

Is genetically engineered technology a good alternative to pesticide use? The case of GE eggplant in India
Journal: International Journal of Biotechnology
Author: Deepthi Kolady and William Lesser

Economic and Environmental Benefits and Costs of Transgenic Crops: Ex-Ante Assessment
Journal: Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project II
Author: C.Ramasamy, K.N. Selvaraj, George W. Norton, and K.Vijayaraghavan (Eds.)

Socio-economic Peformance of Bt Eggplant Cultivation in Bangladesh
Journal: Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research
Author: MA Rashid, MK Hasan and MA Matin

A Meta-Analysis of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops
Journal: PLOS One
Author: Klümper W, Qaim M

Economic, Ecological, Food Safety, and Social Consequences of the Deployment of Bt Transgenic Plants
Journal: Annual Review of Entomology
Author: A. M. Shelton, J.-Z. Zhao, and R. T. Roush

Field Performance of Bt Eggplants (Solanum melongena L.) in the Philippines: Cry1Ac Expression and Control of the Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée)
Journal: PLOS
Author: Desiree M. Hautea, Lourdes D. Taylo, Anna Pauleen L. Masanga, Maria Luz J. Sison, Josefina O. Narciso, Reynaldo B. Quilloy, Randy A. Hautea, Frank A. Shotkoski, Anthony M. Shelton

Assessing Potential Impact of Bt Eggplants on Non-Target Arthropods in the Philippines
Journal: PLOS
Author: Mario V. Navasero, Randolph N. Candano, Desiree M. Hautea, Randy A. Hautea, Frank A. Shotkoski, Anthony M. Shelton

Key global environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crop use 1996–2012
GM Crops & Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain

Journal: GM Crops & Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain
Author: Peter Barfoot and Graham Brookes

Field performance of Bt transgenic crops: A review
Journal: Australian Journal of Crop Science
Author: Wang, Fei; Peng, Shaobing; Cui, Kehui; Nie, Lixiao; Huang, Jianliang

A Review of the Environmental Safety of the Cry1Ab Protein
Journal: Center for Environmental Risk Assessment, ILSI Research Foundation

Guidance On the Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Plants
Journal: European Food Safety Authority
Author: Bartsch, Detlef et al.

Impacts of Bt crops on non-target invertebrates and insecticide use patterns
Journal: CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources
Author: Steven E. Naranjo