FSBR-brinjal refers to “fruit and shoot borer resistant” brinjal, which is also called Bt brinjal, and is brinjal that was evolved through genetic engineering. Brinjal is also known as eggplant or aubergine around the world. Contrary to popular misconception, the “Bt” in Bt brinjal does not stand for “Biotechnology”. It is actually short for Bacillus thuringiensis, a soil bacterium that harbours a gene called cry1-Ac. The cry1-Ac gene produces an insecticidal protein that is effective in controlling the larvae of certain moths that bore into and feed on the shoots, leaves and fruit of plants like brinjal. This protein is toxic to a narrow range of insects, but is not harmful to animals or humans. In the last few years, several crops have been genetically engineered to produce their own Bt proteins, making them resistant to specific groups of insects. Bt brinjal is genetically engineered to contain its own FSB resistance mechanism − the Bt gene, cry1-Ac.