Costs and benefits of UPLB Bt Eggplant with Resistance to Fruit and Shoot Borer in the Philippines

Eggplant, Solanum melongena L., is one of the most economically important vegetable crops in the Philippines currently valued at PhP3.44 billion (BAS, 2008). Production generally increased from 1990 to 2007, same with area except in 1998 (Figure 1). Yield followed a pattern similar to production until 1999 when it barely moved. Nevertheless, eggplant accounted for an average  of 29 percent of the total quantity of vegetables produced, equivalent to an  average of 185,153 metric tons from 2000-2007 (BAS, 2008). As with other vegetables, eggplant prices are highly seasonal in the Philippines – low during the summer months of March to May and high during the colder months of November to January. This price pattern reflects the volume of product available in the market. At constant prices, the value of eggplant production remained to be the highest among vegetables in the Philippines from 2000-2007. Within the same period, the top eggplant producing provinces were Pangasinan, Quezon, and Isabela which gave an average combined production of 93,095 metric tons. Pangasinan and Quezon accounted for nearly 50 percent of total eggplant production in the Philippines.  

Projected Impacts of Agricultural Biotechnologies for Fruits and Vegetables in the Philippines and Indonesia
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S.R. Francisco
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